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Asurlular Ve Kayıp 10 Yahudi Kabilesi / עשרת השבטים האבודים
 
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vahe2009



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MessagePosté le: Ven 23 Déc 2016 - 20:29
MessageSujet du message: Asurlular Ve Kayıp 10 Yahudi Kabilesi / עשרת השבטים האבודים
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Revue du message précédent :

Hindistan’ın ‘Bne Menaşe ‘üyeleri ilk kez Auschwitz’i ziyaret etti



Bu ay ilk kez Hindistan’ın ‘kayıp kabile’ olarak anılan Bne Menaşe kabilesinin üyelerinden beşi Auschwitz’i ziyaret etti.MÖ 8. yüzyılda eski İsrail Krallığından kovulan on kavimden biri olan ve Hindistan’a yerleşen Bne Menaşe kavmi üyeleri 2005’de İsrail’in Seferad Baş Hahamı Şlomo Amar tarafından ‘kayıp kabile’ olarak resmen tanınmalarının ardından 1700 üyesi ile İsrail’e aliya yapmışlardı.

2012’de İsrail’e aliya yapan katılımcılardan Yaniv Hoinge, kampı gezmenin İsrail’e duyduğu bağı kuvvetlendirdiğini belirtti.

Hoinge ailesi Shavei İsrael adlı kuruluşun özellikle kaybolan Yahudilere ulaşarak, İsrail’e geri dönmelerini sağlayan bir kuruluş sayesinde aliya yapabildi. Kuruluşun başkanı Michael Freund, “2800 yıldır İsrail’den kopuk yaşayan Bne Menaşe kavminin mensuplarının Holokost’u öğrenmeleri Yahudi aidiyetleri açısından elzemdir” dedi.


http://www.salom.com.tr/haber-101469-hindistanin_bne_menase_uyeleri_ilk_kez_auschwitzi_ziyaret_etti.html
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MessagePosté le: Ven 23 Déc 2016 - 20:29
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vahe2009
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MessagePosté le: Dim 12 Mar 2017 - 09:11
MessageSujet du message: Asurlular Ve Kayıp 10 Yahudi Kabilesi / עשרת השבטים האבודים
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Exodus reversed — Jews return to Kolkata




At home:Internationally acclaimed Jewish artist Gerry Judah, who left Kolkata as a child, attends an exhibition of vintage photographs at the Calcutta Gallery in the Bengal Chamber of Commerce and Industry recently. At right is the 115-year-old Jewish Nahoum’s bakery in Kolkata.Ashoke ChakrabartyAshoke Chakrabarty

‘Jewish culture was part of the Indian way of life... We soaked in festivities of Durga Puja, played Holi and celebrated Eid’

Gerry Judah, like most of its other Jews, left Calcutta more than half a century ago — his family migrated to Britain in 1961, when he was 10. But Calcutta never left him.

So the celebrated London-based artist and designer, whose installations and sculptures adorn museums, institutions and homes across the world, is back in the city, now Kolkata, to set up an installation that would be — in his words — “something to commemorate my community.”

Syncretic culture

Says Mr. Judah: “I became more Jewish in London. In Calcutta, Jewish culture was a part of the Indian way of life and the city was such a cosmopolitan place. We had our own rituals but we were part of all others. We soaked in the festivities of Durga Puja, we played Holi with our friends and we celebrated Eid.”

Mr. Judah studied at the city’s Jewish Girls School (in many of these schools, until recently, boys were allowed till a certain age) while his father worked in a jute mill nearby.

In London, after he completed school, the artist and designer worked as a kitchen porter for a while before he found his calling in fine arts and sculpture.

That Calcutta was to shape his works is attested by his website, which states: “As a boy, the dramatic landscapes of India and the ornate architecture of its temples, mosques and synagogues, with their theatrical rituals, had a profound effect on Judah’s developing psyche. These theatrical elements were to resurface in his own later work.”

Mr. Judah, who is accompanied by his wife, also visited the Agarpara Jute Mill, where his father worked. “Nothing much has changed there really,” he chuckles, recalling his trip to the mill.

City of opportunity

The renowned sculptor and installation artist’s father and uncle had followed the footsteps of thousands of Jews, who came to the city to capitalise on its thriving commerce during the early years of colonisation.

The migration began with Shalom Cohen, who is described in a poster at the landmark David Maghen Synagogue as the first settler, arriving in August 1798, from Syria. He traded in, among other things, rose water, Arabian horses, gems and spices. While the migrants came from many countries in West Asia, they are called ‘Baghdadi Jews’ because they followed the liturgy of Baghdad — the seat of Jewish learning.

The population of the Baghdadi Jews grew during the colonial period, when Calcutta and Bombay were seen as centres of opportunity. While the Sassoon family was integral to the development of Bombay, it was the Ezra family that was influential in Calcutta. The stately Maghen David synagogue, built by the Ezra family, is Asia’s largest and still an architectural gem.

A lived history

While Mr. Judah is merely visiting the city of his childhood, other members of the Jewish community have returned to Kolkata for good. They include Jael Silliman, now 61, and her mother.

“At its peak, the population of Jews in Calcutta stood at 4,000. Today it is less than 20,” says Ms. Silliman, an academic trained in the U.S., who has created a digital archive of her community.

“I felt it was critical to document my community’s rich history — in a few years there would be no one to tell it,” she says, sitting in an old, sprawling apartment in central Kolkata, with rich teak furniture reminiscent of the bygone era that she has documented. This is where she grew up and this is where she now lives, with her octogenarian mother Flower Silliman, who returned with her daughter a few years ago, after having lived in Israel and the U.S.

“I realised that this is where I feel at home the most,” says the elder Ms. Silliman, who shared some of her traditional Jewish recipes to help set up Calcutta Stories, a restaurant that was opened last August and specialises in Jewish, Armenian and Parsi cuisines.

Flower Silliman left Calcutta in 1978 and set up an Indian restaurant called Maharaja in Israel. According to her, the cooks at Calcutta Stories have picked up her recipes quite well. “I taught them alu makalloo (a dish of golden, deep fried potatoes with a soft centre), fish and chicken shooftas (a type of fish kebab) and chitanee (a sweet and sour chicken curry),” she says.

Many of Kolkata’s Jews were industrialists and in the real estate business — some of their mansions still stand tall — though there were also eminent members of the community in the British administration and the Army. Their women too were trailblazers. Nahoum’s bakery, an old and still Jewish-owned business, is a household name in Kolkata and among the Bengali diaspora.

But India’s independence and the perceived socialist stance of the first government saw members of the community gradually migrating to Israel, Europe, the U.S. and Australia. Today there are no Jewish girls at the school where Mr. Judah studied, though the institution still attracts a number of students for its quality of education. And services can be conducted at the synagogues only when the requisite number of Jewish men are available (a set of 10 men, called minyan , are required).

“Services are sporadic and linked to the arrival of visiting Jewish tourists,” says Ms. Silliman.

The need to preserve the remnants of the presence of the Jewish community in erstwhile Calcutta is underscored by Professor Amlan Dasgupta, director of the School of Cultural Texts and Records, Jadavpur University. “The loss of memory of the presence of the Jewish community pains me. Our children need to be told the story of the city’s cultural diversity,” he says.

Indrani Dutta

http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/exodus-reversed-jews-return-to-kolkata/article17450823.ece

https://www.google.com.tr/search?q=115-year-old+Jewish+Nahoum%E2%80%99s+bakery+in+Kolkata.Ashoka&source=lnms&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj4v77uwtDSAhVJ5xoKHTkzBNQQ_AUIBSgA&biw=1152&bih=711&dpr=1


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vahe2009
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MessagePosté le: Ven 19 Mai 2017 - 07:38
MessageSujet du message: Asurlular Ve Kayıp 10 Yahudi Kabilesi / עשרת השבטים האבודים
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İDDA ;Yahudi Kavminin Bir Kısmının Vaad Edilmiş Topraklardan, Anahitin Ülkesine Getirlilerek İSKAN Edilmesini Ermeniler (Mi) yaptı ?





İsrail’den Anadolu’ya getirilen Yahudi esirler


Asur İmparatoru 2. Sargon, milâttan önce 721 yılında, Kuzey İsrail Krallığını ele geçirerek, burada yaşayan İsrailoğullarının on kabilesini Asur topraklarına sürdü. Onları, Habor nehri kıyısındaki Halah’a ve Gozan nehri kıyısındaki Media’ya yerleştirdi.

İsrail’in kayıp on kabilesi işte bu sürülenlerdir: Reuben, Gad, Aşer, Efraim, Manasseh, Dan, Naftali, İssahar, Simeon ve Zebulon.

Asur sürgününden itibaren bu on İsrail kabilesi tamamen yok oldu, tarihteki izleri de silindi.

*

Kuzey İsrail Krallığı yıkılmış, Güney İsrail Krallığı ayakta kalmıştı. Yaklaşık 120 yıl sonra, Babil İmparatorluğu tehlikesi baş gösterdi.

Babil İmparatoru Nebukadnezar (Buhtunnasır), Kudüs’ü ele geçirmek için, hem Güney İsrail Krallığına hem de İsrail’in müttefiği Mısır İmparatorluğuna aynı anda savaş açtı.
Doğu Ermenistan Kralı Hıraçya (Hracheye), Babil İmparatorluğunun müttefiki olarak bu sefere büyük bir ordu ile iştirak etmişti.

Kudüs şehri, milâttan önce 16 Mart 597 tarihinde, Babil İmparatorluğu tarafından zapt edildi.

Böylelikle, Yahudilerin Babil sürgünü başladı.

İlk seferde Güney İsrail Kralı Jehoiachin (Jeconiah), tüm ailesi ve üç bin elit Yahudi Babil’e sürüldü.

Kral Jehoiachin’in yerine amcası Zedekiah (Tzidkiyahu), Babil İmparatoru Nebukadnezar tarafından Güney İsrail Kralı yapıldı.

21 yaşındaki genç Kral Zedekiah bir müddet sonra Babil İmparatoru Nebukadnezar'a karşı ayaklandıysa da, kanlı bir ayaklanma ve ardından uzun bir kuşatma sürecinden sonra Kudüs tekrar Nebukadnezar'ın eline geçti.

Başkent Kudüs’ü yeniden ele geçiren Babil İmparatoru Nebukadnezar, Hazreti Süleyman’ın yaptırdığı Tanrı’nın tapınağını, sarayları ve köşkleri yıktırdı, şehri tamamen ateşe verdi. Daha sonra da Kudüs’teki tüm evler yerle bir edildi. Şehirde taş üzerinde taş bırakmadı.

Sağ kalan İsrailoğulları, özellikle soylular ve zanaatkârlar Babil’e sürgün edildi. (m. ö. 587).

Babil İmparatoru Nabukadnezar, Kudüs seferine çok sayıda Ermeni askerle iştirak eden ve savaşta büyük yararlılık gösteren Ermeni Kral Hıraçya’nın hizmetini unutmamıştı.

İlk seferde üç bin, ikinci seferde on bin Yahudiyi sürgün olarak Babil’e götüren Nabukadnezar, esirler arasından beş bin Yahudiyi, köle olarak değerlendirmesi amacıyla Hıraçya’ya hediye etti.

Ermeni Kralı Hıraçya, beş bin Yahudi esir yanında olduğu hâlde, Doğu Anadolu’ya geri döndü. Böylelikle, sürgün edilen İsrailoğullarının bir bölümü, Ermeniler arasında Anadolu’da esir hayatı yaşamaya başladı.

*

İskender’in ölümünden sonraki dönemde Anadolu’nun doğusunda ve batısında güçlü bir imparatorluk kalmamıştı. Bu durumdan faydalanarak büyüyen Ermeni Krallığı tarihteki en geniş sınırlarına Kral 2. Dikran (2. Tigranes - Büyük Dikran) döneminde ulaştı.

Milâttan önce 95 - 55 yılları arasında Doğu Anadolu topraklarında hüküm süren Kral 2. Dikran, yukarı Mezopotamya ve Suriye'ye doğru yayılma siyaseti izledi. Sınırlarını bugünkü Lübnan'ın güneyine dek genişletmeyi başaran Kral 2. Dikran, başkentini Diyarbakır yakınlarında kurduğu Tigranakert’e taşımıştı (Günümüzde Diyarbakır’a bağlı olan Silvan ilçesi ve civarı).

Egemenliğini Lübnan’a kadar genişleten Ermeni Kralı 2. Dikran, Kudüs civarına bir sefer düzenledi ve esir aldığı binlerce Yahudiyi sürgün ederek Doğu Anadolu bölgesine yerleştirdi.

Sürgün edilen Yahudiler, Ermeni Krallığının başkenti Tigranakert surlarının yapımında çalıştırıldı.


İlhami Yangın

http://www.superhaber.tv/israilden-anadoluya-getirilen-yahudi-esirler-57162-makale


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MessagePosté le: Aujourd’hui à 05:42
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