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New York Times Ortadoğunun sınırlarını yeniden çizdi; Türkiye’yi böldü
 
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vahe2009
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MessagePosté le: Lun 16 Mai 2016 - 19:48
MessageSujet du message: New York Times Ortadoğunun sınırlarını yeniden çizdi; Türkiye’yi böldü
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New York Times Ortadoğunun sınırlarını yeniden çizdi; Türkiye’yi böldü








ABD'li New York Times gazetesi, dönemin ABD Başkanı tarafından hazırlanan ve bugünkü Ortadoğu sınırlarını büyük ölçüde belirleyen Syket-Picot'nun alternatifi bir harita yayınlayarak okuyucularına sordu: Farklı sınırlar Ortadoğu'yu kurtarabilir mi?



ORTADOĞU HARİTASI BU ŞEKİLDE ÇİZİLSEYDİ…
Haberde dönemin ABD Başkanı Woodrow Wilson tarafından hazırlatılan haritayla birlikte,”1920’lerde sınırlar bu şekilde çizilseydi Ortadoğu kurtarılabilir miydi?” sorusu da yer alıyor.


Wilson tarafından işadamı Charles Crane ve din bilimci Henry King’e talimat verilmesinin ardından çizilen haritada, Osmanlı’nın Constantinopolitan State, Smyrna, Kürdistan, Ermenistan, Mezopotamya, Suriye ve Türkiye olarak parçalara ayrıldığı görülüyor.
1-1916 yılında fiili durum haritadaki gibiydi





2-Kral Faysal’ın hayali Büyük Arabistan Krallığı’ydı





3-Fransızların 100 yıl önce savunduğu harita bugün Suriye İç Savaşı’yla neredeyse aynı noktaya geldi





4-Ve tartışmalara yol açan o harita. Özerk İzmir, Uluslararası İstanbul Devleti, Türkiye, Ermenistan, Kürdistan…





Haftasonu şehitlerine üzülen; Cumhurbaşkanı Erdoğan’ın kızı Sümeyye’nin tartışmalı nikahına odaklanan; Beşiktaş’ın şampiyonluğuna ve Fenerbahçe’nin Euroleague heyecanına kilitlenen Türk halkı ise, New York Times’ın Cumartesi günü yayınladığı bu haritaya tepkisiz kalmadı. Sosyal medya üzerinde İngilizce ve Türkçe olarak tepkilerini dile getiren Türk kullanıcılar, Türkiye’nin 7 parçaya ayrılmış görüntüsünü eleştirdi.

http://www.sozcu.com.tr/2016/dunya/farkli-sinirlar-ortadoguyu-kurtarabilir-mi-1232284/


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vahe2009
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MessagePosté le: Mer 18 Mai 2016 - 07:41
MessageSujet du message: New York Times Ortadoğunun sınırlarını yeniden çizdi; Türkiye’yi böldü
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The secret pact that became a scapegoat for all of the Middle East’s problems



Royal Geographical Society)

This month marks the centennial of a secret pact. On May 16, 1916, two mid-level diplomats, a Briton and a Frenchman, concluded an agreement that essentially divided up the lands of much of the Middle East between the European powers. A map, seen above, initialed by Sir Mark Sykes and François Georges-Picot, shows a broad sweep of the then-crumbling Ottoman Empire carved between French and British spheres of influence.

Britain claimed control over a vast belt of land, including most of what is now Iraq, Jordan and sections of what is now Israel. France envisioned dominion over most of the Levantine coast, a chunk of southern Turkey and the populous Ottoman districts of Aleppo (now in Syria) and Mosul (now in Iraq). Under this same set of clandestine agreements, other World War I allies, including Italy and Russia, exerted their own claims on parts of what is now Turkey; the Russians long sought to rule over Istanbul and restore the primacy of the Orthodox Church in what was once the great capital of the Byzantines.

Ultimately, though, the specific Sykes-Picot blueprint never turned into reality. Its existence became public information only after it was revealed by Soviet sources following the Bolshevik revolution. And the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, subsequent treaties and shifting colonial interests all led to a map of a region with borders very different from what the diplomatic duo first agreed to in 1916, as a graphic published by the Economist shows.

Royal Geographical Society)

This month marks the centennial of a secret pact. On May 16, 1916, two mid-level diplomats, a Briton and a Frenchman, concluded an agreement that essentially divided up the lands of much of the Middle East between the European powers. A map, seen above, initialed by Sir Mark Sykes and François Georges-Picot, shows a broad sweep of the then-crumbling Ottoman Empire carved between French and British spheres of influence.

Britain claimed control over a vast belt of land, including most of what is now Iraq, Jordan and sections of what is now Israel. France envisioned dominion over most of the Levantine coast, a chunk of southern Turkey and the populous Ottoman districts of Aleppo (now in Syria) and Mosul (now in Iraq). Under this same set of clandestine agreements, other World War I allies, including Italy and Russia, exerted their own claims on parts of what is now Turkey; the Russians long sought to rule over Istanbul and restore the primacy of the Orthodox Church in what was once the great capital of the Byzantines.

Ultimately, though, the specific Sykes-Picot blueprint never turned into reality. Its existence became public information only after it was revealed by Soviet sources following the Bolshevik revolution. And the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, subsequent treaties and shifting colonial interests all led to a map of a region with borders very different from what the diplomatic duo first agreed to in 1916, as a graphic published by the Economist shows.




Ishaan Tharoor -Reporter — Washington, D.C.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2016/05/17/the-secret-pact-that-became-a-scapegoat-for-all-of-the-middle-easts-problems/


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vahe2009
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MessagePosté le: Ven 20 Mai 2016 - 16:34
MessageSujet du message: New York Times Ortadoğunun sınırlarını yeniden çizdi; Türkiye’yi böldü
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http://www.middleeasteye.net/multimedia/video/100-years-sykes-picot-agreement-100-seconds-1248569743

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MessagePosté le: Aujourd’hui à 19:20
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